沖縄のあれ・これ

たから貝
たから貝

沖縄の面積と人口 

沖縄県は現在人口140万人で東西約1,000km、南北約400 kmの広大な海域に大小160の島々(有人島49)からなります。

沖縄は大きく分けて沖縄本島・宮古諸島・八重山諸島からなりますが、それぞれ言葉や各島々の創世神・文化には違った歴史が見られます。

15世紀末までは、宮古・八重山諸島は独自に行政と貿易をして政治社会を形成してきました。

宮古・八重山諸島は奄美・沖縄諸島の文化圏とは違い、縄文・弥生文化の影響を受けず、台湾・フィリピンなどの南方文化の影響を強く受けました。

貿易においても奄美・沖縄諸島は朝貢貿易(公貿易)に対し、宮古・八重山諸島の貿易は民間の中国商人との密貿易(私貿易)であった。

ちなみに12世紀~16世紀頃迄中国商人からは、陶磁器、八重山からは豊富に産出されるタカラ貝・ヤコウ貝・ジュゴン・牛皮・フカのヒレ・ナマコなどの産物が取引されていました。 

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